Learn about the types of people who become firefighters. This page goes into detail about the employment, gender, and ethnic ratios of the workplace.


Employment Type Mix, 2022

57% of firefighters work in full-time roles while 43% work part-time.


Gender Mix By Career Interest, 2022

This graph shows the distribution of females and males that are interested in becoming a firefighter. Four or five star ratings on CareerExplorer indicate interest.

More men than women are interested in becoming firefighters at a ratio of 4.02 to 1.


Actual Gender Mix, 2022

18% of firefighters are female and 82% are male.


Gender Bias, 2022

This is one of the most compelling statistics we collect. Gender bias shows the difference between gender interest in being a firefighter and the actual gender mix of people in the career.

If there is a significant difference, then it means there is a gender imbalance between those interested in becoming a firefighter and those who end up becoming one.

In this case there are more women interested in becoming a firefighter than those actually working as one. It is hard to pinpoint the exact reasons why, but there are likely various forces at play, from changing interests over time to societal norms and biases.


Ethnic Mix, 2019

The largest ethnic group of firefighters are White, making up 73% of the population. The next highest segments are Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish and Other, making up 12% and 5% respectively.